Archive for September, 2011


What are Hidden Messages ?

Can you tell the message in the FedEx logo?

A hidden  message  is information that is not immediately noticeable, and that must be discovered or uncovered and interpreted before it can be known. Hidden messages include backwards audio messages, hidden visual messages and symbolic or cryptic codes such as a crossword or cipher.  To put in another way subliminal perception is a deliberate process created by communication technicians, whereby you receive and respond to information and instructions without being aware of it. Messages in the form of printed words, pictures or voices presented either very rapidly or very obscurely bypass your conscious awareness. Anything consciously perceived can be evaluated, criticized, discussed, argued, and possibly rejected. Anything programmed subliminally to your subconsciousness meets no resistance. This subliminal information is stored in your brain and capable of influencing your judgment, behavior and attitudes.

Backward audio messages

A backward message in an audio recording is only fully apparent when the recording is played reversed. Some backward messages are produced by deliberate backmasking, while others are simply phonetic reversals resulting from random combinations of words.


Is a recording technique in which a message is recorded backwards onto a track that is meant to be played forwards. It was popularized by The Beatles, who used backward vocals and instrumentation on their 1966 album Revolver. Artists have since used backmasking for artistic, comedic, and satiric effect, on both analog and digital recordings. The technique has also been used to censor words or phrases for “clean” releases of songs[citation needed].

Backmasking has been a controversial topic in the United States since the 1980s, when allegations of its use for Satanic purposes were made against prominent rock musicians, leading to record-burnings and proposed anti-backmasking legislation by state and federal governments. In debate are both the existence of backmasked Satanic messages and the ability to subliminally affect listeners thereby.

For detail information hidden messages in products, advertisement, film, songs, etc.  visit

By Darlington Micah

Email: Tel: +2316450906



Liberia – Africa’s Unspoilt Surf Paradise..

Photo by Gemma Freeman

Nowhere else but Liberia in West Africa offers a wonderful adventure and discovery on the African continent. Liberia presents a unique and fulfilling experience for those seeking to discover the local heritage of destination whilst being sure that the local communities will benefit directly from their presence on the ground.

There are so many miles unknown surf spots and so many dusty trails leading to excitement. Sure, we all know about the point breaks of Morocco and the perfect waves of J-Bay, but in between and beyond lie thousands of kilometers of untapped white pristine African beaches crying out for budding surf explores.

Just imagine what it must be to surf in Liberia. Imagine riding waves under the brooding fortifications of an old slave fort. White pristine beaches bordered by palm trees, rolling green hills dominated by lush untouched rainforest, the silence only disturbed by birds and monkeys calling after one another and sound of the waves lapping against the shore, not to forget the sea at a constant warm temperature. As you look deeper into the local area, you will find friendly local communities, usually fishermen, who work hard to survive in the poverty stricken rural areas, children playing football on the beach who invite you to kick the ball about, a family having lunch outside on the porch who motion for you to come and taste a local dish, and everyone with smiling faces showing that you don’t need to be happy. You feel a sense of freedom, devoid of materialism and barriers, a feeling of, at least finding the true sense of the word “living”.

For more information about surfing in Liberia contact: Darlington Micah email: Tel: +2316450906

Mask of Liberia..



Mask of Liberia..

Dan mask, Liberia

Liberia is the oldest republic in sub-Saharan Africa. It’s name is derived from a Latin phrase meaning “free land.” Liberia is bordered by Sierra Leone, Guinea and Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast). Monrovia is the capital and Liberia’s largest city.

Liberia’s population is made up of two main groups: indigenous Africans who have lived in the region for hundreds of years, and Americo-Liberians who are descended from freed slaves who came as settlers. There are 16 different indigenous African groups that make up nearly 95 percent of the Liberian population. Each group possesses a unique history, language and culture. The largest group are the Kpell, who live in central Liberia, and the Bassa, who live along the coast. Other groups include the Gio, Krahn, Kru, Mano, and Vai.

Music and dance are an integral part of village life in Liberia. The people dance and sing for the departed souls of the dead, at celebrations and weddings, on behalf of important visitors, and just for fun. Liberian dances are often noted for the energy and passion displayed by the dancers. As with most African dance forms, Liberian dances often reference not just the physical, but the spiritual as well. These dances are a way to preserve and transmit important stories and traditions.

Dance styles vary according to different tribes and region. Some of the best known forms of Liberian dance include Kru dances, Vai dances, Kpelle dances and Bassa dances.

In the indigenous groups of Liberia, masks play an important part in connecting the living with the ancestral spirits and ancient deities. It is a means by which people strive to gain knowledge and insight into the future. The dancer “becomes” the mask, thus it is traditionally important that the human identity is not revealed to the public.

Dan MaskThe Dan Mask

The Gio People live in northern Liberia, and speak a language called Mande. They are primarily farmers and hunter/gatherers. Gio men also have their own secret society which marks their initiation into manhood and guides them throughout their lives. The Dan mask is a ceremonial mask which is worn during festival time, along with the Glegben, (Stilt Mask). The dance has very intricate hands and feet movements, with which the drummer and the masked dancer communicate. At times, the drummer follows the dancer, and at times the dancer follows the drummer, making it a true dialogue in movement and sound. (The Dan Mask shown here courtesy of Museum of Ancient & Modern Art.)

The Vai Mask (Nafai or Frisky Devil)

Nafai belongs to the Gola, Vai, and Mendi Tribes from Grand Cope Mount county of Monrovia, Liberia. The Vai people make their living by farming the fertile lands of northwestern Liberia and southeastern Sierra Leone. The Nafai Mask belongs to the men. Usually this character is very frisky, goes anywhere and asks for whatever he wants. He is regarded as a playboy character.

The Yan Mask

The Yan Mask, or Gbetu, also belongs to the Gola, Vai, and the Mendi Tribes of Liberia. The Yan is for the Poro (men’s) society, and the Sande (women’s) society, or club. Within Vai culture there are both male and female secret societies which teach young boys and girls the social, survival, traditional, and personal lessons in becoming men and women. Performing the masked dance is the final blessing. The Yan mask performs during the graduation which is known as “The Breaking of the Poro Bush,” where the boys and the Yan mask exhibit their talents.

By Darlington Micah



 Liberia Eco-tourism Development Potential…

Photo by Nick Fraser - Fish Smokery, Liberia

The holiday and tourism market in Liberia presents tremendous development potential and investment opportunities for holiday companies, travel agents and tour operators from around the world.

Mondo9 is an experienced an experienced destination management consultant with a very strong eco tourism bias, set up to contribute to the promotion and development of Liberia as an ecotourism destination.

Our aim is simple – to make to make Liberia holiday and tourism sector more interesting and more enjoyable for all. We can also advise on business trips to Liberia, property inspection tours and volountary, gap year for travel and tourism students or community, team or career development breaks

Mond9 is helping to create and sustain profitable ecotourism projects that benefit the tourist, the local villages and the environment for future generations.  We can help you analyse the factors that provide the context for planning effective business strategies, and in particular the analysis of those factors which give rise to opportunities and threats.

    * Eco tourism: national heritage and other tourist atractions in the Liberia

    * Up-country tourism: eco lodges, eco motels, eco tourist camps in the Liberia

    * Eco tourism friendly round tour operators and river cruise operators Liberia

    * Ecotourism holidays, ecotourism resorts, ecotourism activities and ecoutourism sites

For more information on our eco tourist business services or to send us any information or comments about the Liberia, please contact us at this address Tel: +2316450906


Understanding Liberia Dance..

Photo Courtesy of NNN - Traditional festival dance in Upper Lofa, Liberia

Liberia is a county of many different tribes and ethnic groups. It was able to resist colonization from the outside world until America began to resettle slaves there from 1816 to 1912. In 1989, Liberia saw the start of a brutal, decades-long civil war through which its dance tradition continued to thrive through its citizens at home and in refugees abroad who were forced to flee their homes, relatives and culture. In Liberia’s era of redevelopment, dance is used in the homeland and worldwide as a tool for education on Liberian culture, tradition and history.

Dance in Every Part of Life

According to Won-Ldy Paye, a well-known entertainer from northeast Liberia, “Liberian art, music, dance and storytelling are a lifestyle. They are sociological and cultural studies of Liberian people.” Liberian dance tells the traditions, rites of passage and everyday life of the tribes of Liberia. Dances vary from tribe to tribe. However, all Liberian dance has the mark of intense energy and passion in its steps and performance. Liberians dance in every facet of life, from when they are babies held in the dancing arms of their mothers until their death. Liberians retain a thriving dance tradition that has seen decades of civil crisis and the burdens and benefits of redevelopment

  Mask and Secret Society Dances

Masks serve as an important part of Liberian dance, linking the performers to spiritual deities and ancestors both. In this type of dance, the performer’s identity is unknown, as she is said to become the spirit of the mask. There is no separation between the dancer and the spirit. Some of the mask dances are held secret and dear, and only a chosen few participate. These are reflective of the secret societies Liberia has had throughout its history. About half of Liberian citizens are members of one of these societies, whose workings are held very secret. Liberian children inducted into these societies are sent to respective “bush” schools for anywhere from a few months to several years to learn workings of the society and skills useful in adulthood.

 The Dan Mask

This mask is worn during a festival in Northern Liberia by the Gio people. Farmers and hunters, many Gio men belong to a secret society which inducts them into adulthood, as most Liberian secret societies do. The Dan mask, along with the Glegben (stilt) mask dance has complex hand feet movement, and there is much non-verbal communication between the dancer and accompanying drummer. Oftentimes, the two take turns leading one another.

  The Vai Mask

In Monrovia, Liberia, three tribes take part in this dance: Gola, Vai and Mende. This masked spirit is seen as very wild, roaming everywhere and requesting whatever he wants (it is a male mask). The spirit is called Nafai, the frisky devil. This mask dance reflects the spirit’s whimsy and troublemaking tendencies.

  The Yan Mask

Also referred to as the Gbetu, this mask also belongs to the three tribes of Monrovia. In the Vai tradition, the Yan mask dance is a rite of passage for both boys and girls being inducted into the respective secret societies. The dance is performed during graduation and is supposed to illustrate what the pupil has learned at bush school. The dancer will ask the drummer to follow her throughout the dance.

By Darlington Micah Email:


Photo By Mohamed Faray Kargbo







Liberian President Mrs Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, has called for the full implementation of laws passed by various countries to check graft and terrorism.

Speaking at the opening of a three-day seminar on “National Development: The Challenges of Global Economic Crime,’’ organised by Nigeria’s anti-graft agency, the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) on Monday in Abuja, Johnson-Sirleaf said that Liberia had gone beyond the systematic structure in the anti-graft war and has placed transparency on the front-burner.

Johnson-Sirleaf said that Nigeria should  live by example in the fight against corruption on the continent and with its leading role in Africa, it should take the lead in the anti-corruption war for other countries to follow.

She said corruption constitutes a major impediment to national development, and erodes confidence in government and acts as the enemy of development.

“We have to develop a rigid mind in fighting corruption, a reform institution must be put in place’’ she said.

Johnson-Sirleaf urged the EFCC to collaborate with civil society organisations in the fight against corruption.

According to her, religious institutions, community leaders, the private sector and the citizens should all be involved in the war.

“We must teach our people to learn how to live with what they have,’’ she added.

By Darlington Micah

Enjoy Liberia Night..

Photo Dubois - Downtown Monrovia, Liberia's Capital

The locals as well as the tourists from other parts of the globe can unwind themselves and enjoy to the fullest to experience of the vibrant Nightlife in Liberia. Liberia is one of the major countries in Africa and is known as a popular center for tourism and business. Drinking and clubbing are popular things to do in Liberia and are great ways to enjoy the evening. As such, there are plenty of centers of Nightlife in Liberia. The capital city of Monrovia and other cities are home to various types of bars, pubs, discos and cafes where travelers can enjoy to the highest degree.

Liberia nightlife is safe for tourists and plenty of local people as well as tourists from all over the world make a visit to the points of nightlife to spend fun filled evenings and nights. Most of the popular pubs and bars are located in the capital city of Monrovia. The popularity of these pubs and bars has turned them into centers of sightseeing in Liberia. The popular hotspots of nightlife in Monrovia are located in close proximity to the main city center near the downtown areas. Various types of bars, pubs, karaoke bars, cocktail bars and clubs are found in the country. The karaoke bars and pubs are ideal places to enjoy. They serve wide range of local and international brands of beer, wines and other brands of liquor. The karaoke bars play both local and international music.

People in Liberia indulge in lots of leisure activities which have led to the growth of nightlife in Liberia. Huge number of people enjoy in the night clubs and the discos. The discos are ideal places to unwind can visitors can go on a dancing spree with live music. Dance and entertainment shows by well known artists are also held during special occasions. Most of the local nightclubs do not charge any entry fee while some luxury night clubs charge a nominal entrance fee. The discos are highly lit and the dance floors are excellent. Music is played by expert disc jockeys. The cafes are also ideal centers of nightlife in the country and lots of people enjoy in the cafes.

A nice Liberia nightlife also consists of visit to the popular theaters and cinemas. There are plenty of movie halls and theaters in the capital city of Monrovia and people visit them for entertainment.

By Darlington Mica

Logs - Liberia Tree & Trading Company Inc (LTTC) River Cess County

Liberia to Restart Logging

Liberia is about to restart logging of its valuable tropical hardwood timber, but environmental activists warn that even with strict regulations the new commercial activity may cause terrible ecological damage.

The United Nations placed an embargo on timber from Liberia in 2003 to stop former president Charles Taylor’s use of illegally logged “blood timber” to fund his violent rule. The international sanctions effectively prohibited the commercial logging or exporting of any timber products.

Previously the export of hardwoods was estimated to make up 60 percent of Liberia’s GDP.

The U.N. ban has now been lifted and new, innovative regulations for domestic forestry have been implemented. Seven companies are in the final stages of getting permission to start cutting down one of West Africa’s most valuable natural resources: untouched rainforest.  This does not come without controversy.

Proponents argue that logging will produce as many as 40,000 much needed jobs and jump-start a multi-million dollar industry in Liberia’s fledgling economy. Critics question how accurate the projected employment statistics are, how the new regulations will be enforced and if the financial benefits will balance against the loss of pristine forests, an increasingly rare commodity in Africa.

By Darlington Micah :



Plants and Animals Indigenous to Liberia..

Anthony Brach Liberia Plants..

Several killifish are found nowhere else than Liberia including Callopanchax monroviae (Killifish of West Africa), Epiplatys azureus (FishBase), Epiplatys coccinatus (Killifish of West Africa), and Epiplatys ruhkopfi (Killifish of West Africa). Other endemic freshwater fish include the cichlids Chromidotilapia cavalliensis (Aquapress Bleher) and Tilapia coffea (FishBase), a loach catfish Paramphilius firestonei (ACSI), and two barbs: Barbus carcharhinoides (FishBase) and Barbus melanotaenia (FishBase).

The Liberian Greenbul (BirdLife Int’l) is a critically endangered bird known from only two forest patches.

An endemic reptile is the Liberia Worm Snake Typhlops leucostictus (Reptile Database).

Endemic amphibians include the Liberia Nimba Toad Nimbaphrynoides liberiensis (Fauna & Flora of Liberia), the Gbanga Forest Treefrog Leptopelis bequaerti (eol), and the recently described squeaker frog Arthroleptis langeri (AmphibiaWeb) and river frog Phrynobatrachus hieroglyphicus (African Amphibians Lifedesk).

Insects known only from Liberia include a butterfly Anthene georgiadisi (Cryptozoology Online), a flower beetle Polyplastus assarius (Fig. 6 at BHL), a raspy cricket Atychogryllacris liberiana (SysTax), and two bush crickets Catoptropteryx naevia (OSF) and Spalacomimus liberiana (OSF). Other endemic invertebrates include a jumping spider Asemonea liberiensis (Salticidae of the World), a centipede Schizonampa libera (CHILOBASE), the Lugbe River Crab Liberonautes lugbe (IUCN Red List), and the land snails Archachatina knorrii ( and Maizaniella sapoensis (Zool. Med. Leiden pdf file). A family of pauropods, the Afrauropodidae, was described from a single specimen of Afrauropus occiduus

Among about 100 vascular plant species unique to Liberia are Cercestis hepperi (FFI), Cola liberica (Fauna & Flora of Liberia), Trichoscypha linderi (JSTOR), Begonia fusicarpa (JSTOR), Ancistrocladus pachyrrachis (JSTOR), Guibourtia dinklagei (JSTOR), Glenniea adamii (Tropicos), Rytigynia liberica (JSTOR), Gaertnera liberiensis (JSTOR), Sericanthe adamii (JSTOR), Uvaria dinklagei (JSTOR), Aframomum elegans (Kew), Cassipourea firestoneana (Fauna & Flora of Liberia), Tetraberlinia tubmaniana (ARKive), Mapania liberiensis (JSTOR), Memecylon liberiae (JSTOR), and three orchids: Angraecum modicum (JSTOR), Malaxis melanotoessa (JSTOR), and Rhipidoglossum (or Diaphananthe) paucifolium (JSTOR). Dinklageodoxa (JSTOR) is an endemic genus.

Liberia is part of the Guinean Forests of West Africa biodiversity hotspot (Biodiversity Hotspots). Portions of Liberia are included in the Guinean Montane Forests (WWF) and the Western Guinean Lowland Forests (WWF) terrestrial ecoregions. An important freshwater ecoregion is the Southern Upper Guinea (FEOW).  Many endemic flowering plant species are indicated at the list available at (Fauna & Flora of Liberia).

Source: Living National Treasure


Protecting Liberia Forests

Source: SIDA Liberia Forests Bird


Liberia houses two-thirds of the Upper Guinean Rainforest, which has been classified as a biodiversity hotspot by global conservation groups. A biodiversity hotspot is a region that is rich in species that are native, both fauna and flora, and that is under threat of losing a majority of those species.

The Upper Guinean Rainforest is one of the most critically fragmented regions on the planet. Only approximately 12 percent of the original intact ecosystem remains. Liberia is home to many endemic species, such as the last remaining viable population of the Pygmy hippopotamus. It is also the last stronghold of forest elephants in West Africa. Logging operations have increased exponentially in the past few years, leaving approximately 60 percent of the country’s forests now

The spectacular biodiversity of Liberia is clearly worth protecting: the forest supports 568 species of birds, 9 of which are endangered, as well as a wide range of plant and animal life. The forest is a unique ecological niche for several rare species, such as the white-breasted guinea fowl, Jentink’s duiker (a deer-like creature, the rarest in the world), pygmy hippopotamus, Diana monkey and Liberian mongoose. Additional animal populations include the giant forest hog, chimpanzees, red colobus (a long-tailed monkey), bongo antelope, leopard and the golden cat.

By Darlington Micah